The hive and the honey bee. Joe M. Graham (ed), Dadant & Sons (1976?)New edition details at An ancient version is online at

Winston, M.L. (1991). The biology of the honey bee. Harvard University Press. [Best bee book]

Winston, M.L. (2014). Bee time: Lessons from the hive. Harvard University Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts; London, England.

A.I. Root (1980). The ABC and XYZ of Bee Culture , p. 507. A.I. Root Company, Medina, Ohio. (a pretty ancient text but a great reference).

Butler, C. (1974), The world of the honeybee, Collins New Naturalist, London.


Why bees are disappearing › talks › marla_spiv…

Hallucinogen Honey Hunters – Hunting mad honey – documentary

NSW DPI Tocal online beekeeping training courses (videos accessible from the site)

Honey bee research centre/University of Guelph

Online texts

Randy Oliver (best contemporary coverage of beekeeping biology, dozens of papers.

Fat bees, skinny bees NSW DPI Doug Sommerville NSW DPI

Demuth, G.S. (1921). Swarm control. Farmers Bulletin 1198:1-45.

Huber, F. (1806). New observations on the natural history of bees , Volume I by François Huber. Letters to M. Bonnet. These letters written between 1787 and 1791 were not published till 1806.

Dzierżoń (1882). Dzierzon’s rational beekeeping or The theory and the practice of Dr. Dzierzon . Translated by Dirk and Stutterd, Houlston & Sons, Paternoster Square, Southall: Abbott, Bros. c=bees&cc=bees&idno=5017629&node=5017629%3A1&frm=frameset&view=image&seq=1

Miller, C.C. (1911). Fifty years among the bees. The A. I. Root Company, Medina, Ohio.

Koetz, A. (2013). The Asian honey bee (Apis cerana) and its strains – with special focus on Apis cerana Java genotype – Literature review, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, State of Queensland, 59 pp.

Whitfield, C.W., Behura, S.K., Berlocher, S.H., Clark, A.G. Johnston, J.S., Sheppard, W.S., Smith, D.R., Suarez, A.V., Weaver, D. and Tsutsui, N.D. (2006). Thrice out of Africa: ancient and recent expansions of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Science 314(5799): 642–645. doi:10.1126/science.1132772. PMID 17068261 Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2015.

Ruttner, F., Tassencourt, and L. Louveaux, J. (1978). Biometrical statistical analysis of the geographic variability of Apis mellifera L. I. Material and Methods. Apidologie 9(4): 363-381.

Bernard Möbus NDB Scotland [American Bee Journal April 1987].Möbus, B. (1987). The swarm dance and other swarm phenomena. American Bee Journal 127(4): (April 1987) Part I and The American Bee Journal 127(5): 356-362 (May 1987). Part 2.

A few specialist books

Laidlaw, Jr., H.H. (1979). Contemporary queen rearing,pp. 16-18. Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, Illinois.

Killon, K. (1981). Honey in the Comb. Dadant and Sons, Hamilton, Illinois.

Snelgrove, L.E. (1935). Swarming, its control and prevention. Snelgrove and Smith. Pleasant View, Bleadon Hill, Weston-Super-Mare, Avon BS24 9JT.

Wedmore, E.B. (1945). A Manual of Beekeeping for English-speaking Bee-keepers . 2nd Revised edition, republished in 1979 by Bee Books New & Old, Steventon, Hampshire.

Best articles

Borse, P.L. The perfect swarm. Part One and Part Two American Bee Journal 151(4):331-333; 151(5):447-450.

Simpson, J. (1962). Work at Rothamsted on honeybee swarming. Rothamsted Experimental Station Report pp. 254-259. This report synthesises a wide range of observational and experimental reports (with references) on the whole gamut of swarming causes and behaviours, expanding a great deal on Huber’s account of swarming – includes a rich list of references of experiments he conducted and that are not found in most searches.

Thomas D, Seeley (2017). Darwinian Beekeeping: An Evolutionary Approach to Apiculture

Seeley, T.D. and Morse, R.A. (1976). The nest of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). lnsectes Sociaux 23(4):495-512.,%20Seeley%20and%20Morse.pdf

Hogg, J.A. (2006). Colony level honey bee reproduction: The anatomy of reproductive swarming. American Bee Journal 146(2):131-135.

Simpson, J. (1958). The factors which cause Apis mellifera to swarm. Insectes Sociaux 5(1):77-95.

Simpson, J. (1959). Variation in the incidence of swarming amongst colonies of Apis mellifera throughout summer. Insectes Sociaux 5(1):77-95.

Hepburn, H.R. (2001). The enigmatic Cape honey bee, Apis mellifera capensisBee World 82:4:181-191, DOI: 10.1080/0005772X.2001.11099525

Winston, M.L., Higo, H.A., Colley, S.J., Pankiw, T. and Slessor, K.N. (1991). The role of queen mandibular pheromone and colony congestion in honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) reproductive swarming (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 4:649-660.

Native and non European Honey Bees

Heard, T. (2016). The Australian Native Bee Book, Chapter 3, Understanding the highly social bees. Sugarbag Bees, 2016.

Hepburn, R. and Radloff, S.E. (eds) (2011), Honeybees of Asia. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Hepburn, H.R. and Radloff, S.E. (1998). Honeybees of Africa, Springer-Verlag. Berlin; New York.

Patricia Vit, Silvia R. M. Pedro, David W. Roubik (2013). Pot-Honey: A legacy of stingless bees. Springer, New York, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London.